Wellness History

The development of fitness can be attributed to manï¿’s need for survival, and can be traced back to the beginning of humanity.

Primitive men (before 10,000 BC) must be stored fit to be able to hunt for food and water on their journey. To nomads and hunters, the activities opted people required a lot of body activity and fitness (their celebrations included trips of six to twenty miles to neighboring tribes to visit friends and family).

With the invention of the plow and other agricultural developments (10,000-8,000 BC), a less active lifestyle begins. Neolithic men began using plows and animals to complete the difficult tasks, reducing body activity.

In the ancient civilization (2500″ class =”related_products_container”-250 BC), people began to bring body activity into want to with body well-being. In China, through the philosophical teachings of Confucius, they associated certain health-issue with body inactivity. Days led through the development of Cong Fu gymnastics.

In the same period, yoga was developed in India. Yoga is an exercise program that conforms to the beliefs of Hinduism and Buddhism, with an emphasis on spirituality.

In 4000-250 BC there was a strong demand for suitability for military purposes. People in this era associated fitness with one�s performance in the military. Activities such as hunting, marching, horseback riding, and javelin throwing were designed to meet the needs of bodily fit soldiers. The Persian Empire and the Spartans are cute examples of empires who use fitness for this purpose. Spartans needed fitness for men to be cute soldiers, and for women to bear children fit to serve the state. For this reason, Sparta actually became one of the most bodily fit societies in history.

For the ancient Greeks (2500″ class=”related_products_container”-200 B.C.) it is just as important to be bodily healthy as to develop the mind. It is during this period, in gymnastics with music gained popularity from the idea that exercise is for the body and music for the soul.

The Romans (200 BC-476 AD) shared the same views with the Spartans. They also considered fitness important for military service. However, the comic civilization fell into the hands of the barbarian tribes. Her downfall may be due to her lavish lifestyle, which led to ace’s decline in interest in fitness.

During the Dark Ages and the Middle Ages (900-1400), fitness experienced a revival, as body activity was considered a means of survival.

With the new interest in the human body during the Renaissance came the revival of the Greek ideal about the importance for fitness. Many famous people then promoted the idea that cute health contributes to intelligence. It is also during this period in body education gained popularity as the main tool for spreading the value of fitness.

In Germany (1700-1850) Friedrich Jahn received the title �father of German Turner�. He believed that a bodily fit nation reduced susceptibility to foreign invasion.

Per Henrik Ling of Sweden introduced three gymnastics programs 1. educational gymnastics 2. military gymnastics and 3. medical gymnastics. With his strong medical background, he uses And sometimes repeated this process in his study on the importance of fitness.

In England, a medical student named Archibald Maclaren became an important figure. Like Ling, he pointed out that fitness programs vary for each individual. He also pioneered the idea that the cure for stress and fatigue was body activity and that body exercise in games and sports is not enough to be perfectly fit. After he documented the importance of this exercise.

The United States was initially generally influenced by European cultures, although German and Swedish gymnastics did not immediately gain popularity. In the US, the government had actively participated in the promotion of health and fitness. Presidents Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jefferson (1776-1860) recognized the need for fitness. Century President Theodore Roosevelt, who is perhaps the strongest president of the United States; encouraged people to be bodily active by setting an example.

In June 1956, President Eisenhower held a conference at the White House aimed at promoting fitness in the United States. Days was inspired by the study of Kraus-Hirchland, �minimum muscular fitness tests in children, which was presented to him by Senators James Kelly and James Duff. The study showed that about 60 percent of American children failed at least one of the tests, compared with the nine percent of European children. The conference resulted in the formation of the Presidentï¿is Council of the entitled entitled entitled Youth Fitness and the appointment of the Presidentï¿is Citizen Advisory Fitness of America.

 

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